Cambridge FCE practice test Use of English Part 1

Directions:
Read the text below. Then choose among A, B, C or D the word that fits best eacjh gap.

12 questions

The Troubles

Today, much of the world will, in one form or another, celebrate St. Patrick’s Day. The (1) ............... of green, drinking of Irish beverages and the (2) ............... dying of a river mark some of the traditions associated with the holiday. Historically, it is a Catholic holiday (3) ............... the introduction of the religion to Ireland by St. Patrick– but these days it also has a large secular following. However, it is the holiday’s roots in Catholicism that play a major role in (4) ............... residents of Ireland refer to as “The Troubles.”

As most of you know, Ireland is an island just west of the British Isle (5) ............... of England, Scotland, and Wales). The island itself is split into two territories: the large southern portion, called the Republic of Ireland, and the smaller northern portion, called Northern Ireland. Many citizens of the Republic of Ireland (6) ............... themselves nationalists, which is to (7) ............... that they are in favor of unification of the two parts of Ireland into one cohesive Irish-ruled entity. Many citizens of Northern Island, who call themselves unionists, wish to strengthen (8) ............... with Britain rather than sever them.

Throughout the history of the region this has been a (9) ............... of constant dispute, and from 1969 – 1998 it nearly erupted into a civil war. The Catholic nationalists of the Republic formed the Provisional Irish Republic Army (IRA) with the intent of (10) ............... British rule of Northern Ireland. Meanwhile, the Protestant unionists formed the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) to retaliate against the actions of the IRA.

So, when celebrating St. Patrick’s Day this year, (11) ............... in mind the turbulent history of Ireland, the Catholic holiday you are celebrating, and the implications of religious and governmental intolerance that continue (12) ............... in this day and age.

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